Muladhara (Sanskrit mūla - root, adhāra - foundation, basis, support) - chakra located in the area of perineum and anus (sometimes in the base of the spine). It is also called "adhara-chakra" or "brahma-chakra".


Muladhara contains of a four-petalled lotus, with letters vaṃ, śaṃ, ṣaṃ, saṃ on petals and laṃ bija inside the lotus. The lotus petals are associated with the four types of bliss: paramananda (supreme bliss), sahajananda (natural bliss), virananda (heroic bliss) and yogananda (bliss attained through union with the Absolute in dhyana and samadhi). In the center of the lotus - a yellow square - a symbol of the earth, in which is inscribed a triangle with the top pointing downwards, the symbol of yoni, Kamakhya (creation). In the center of the triangle is the lingam, which Kundalini wraps. In the same square, there is an blessed Yogi Ganesha (Shri Gajabeli Gadjakantharnath), the protector of the material world, and his shakti Siddhi and Buddhi. The tradition of Sri Vidya correlates the base of Sriyantra (square, or bhupur) with the muladhara chakra. In the same tradition the muladhara can be correlated with the center of Sriyantra (kama-kala), where kama is the intention, kala is the manifestation of the creation, Will of God. Also muladhara-chakra, or brahma-chakra, is connected with the supreme Prakriti as the creative power of Shakti, which in conjunction with the eternal Brahman or Shiva is connected by a stream of nada. Here the sound is in unmanifested state as the primary Shabda-Brahman, known as the paravak. Paravak (supreme sound) corresponds to the union of Shiva and his ananda-shakti.

Some texts place Brahma in this chakra as the creator of the material world (hence the name "brahma-chakra").

In Viveka-martanda, a method of concentrating on this chakra is described:

Yogin, meditating on Atman in the adhara-chakra with four petals and the color of gold, fixed the sight on the tip of the nose, finds happiness. (168)

Gheranda-samhita describes dharana on the element of earth (prithvi-dharana) in muladhara-chakra:

The element of the earth is yellow, quadrangular, connected with Brahma and its bija is laṃ. Contemplate this element (in the muladhara) and fix there with kumbhaka prana and citta for 2 hours. This lower of dharanas gives stability and mastery over the elements of earth. (3.70)