तन्त्र, tantra

(loom, thread, shuttle, continuation, origin, representation of ceremonies, system, theory, doctrine, scientific discovery)
mystical and magical doctrine, inspiring creation.

The term "tantra" consists of two words: the root "tan" means to spread, expand, develop; root "tra" – salvation, expansion, liberation. The main goal of tantra is the transformation of the individual, limited consciousness into the Divine consciousness, the practical realization of the union of the human being with the Absolute, both on the spiritual levels of the Atman-Paramatman, and the physical Pinda-brahmanda. The tasks of tantra include the integration of macro- and microcosms. Tantra is a practical aspect of yoga, it is impossible to imagine yoga without tantra or tantra without yoga. In the Nath tradition, Shabar-tantra is used. Shabar-tantra includes elements of Vedic rituals, puranic rituals and rituals taken from different tantric systems.

Tantras are also called sacred texts related to tantric practice. Sometimes they are defined as synonyms of texts: agamas, nigamas, samhitas. Tantra is very diverse in its practical spiritual methods, but often it is mistakenly confused with so-called neotantra – techniques of sexual satisfaction or occultism and folk magic. Tantra is also associated with the concepts of mantra and yantra, it is believed that tantra symbolizes the union of Shiva and Shakti, which is close to the concept of yoga "yuj" – union, connection to "yamala". In this case, yantra is the symbol of Shakti, the mantra is the symbol of Shiva, and tantra is the result (siddhi), attained through the tantric sadhana.

If yoga is the attainment of purity of consciousness through the weakening of ties with the manifested world, then tantra is the realization of the yogic state in our life. They thus complement each other and strengthen each other