भारत, bhārata

Bharata, Bharat (Hindi – भारत गणराज्य, Bhārat Gaṇarājya) is the official name of Republic of India in Hindi. 

Translated from the ancient hindu “bharata” means literally “educated”.

The name originated from the ancient hindu tribe of Arias, the Bharatas, mentioned in “Rigveda”, who formed the basis of the Northern India people and founded the first states in the beginning of the 1 millenium BC. It entered into the union with Kuru tribes, who, united with the Panchals, created the first large state in India (about the 7th century BC).

The name of the Bharata’s territory, Bharatavarsha (interflute of the two rivers Jamna and Satlej), was often spread to the entire India in ancient times.

The legends “about Bharata’s descendents”, Kauravas and Pandavas, lend the basis of Hindu epic “Mahabharata”.